Ligament Injury

There are four main ligaments of the knee that significantly affect the integrity of how well the knee can function. On the inside of the knee is the medial collateral ligament (MCL) and on the lateral side the lateral collateral ligament (LCL). These structures are typically injured when the knee is bent outwards (Valgus force) or inwards (Varus force) respectively.

Located within the knee (intrarticular) is the Anterior and Posterior Cruciate ligaments, these structures stop anterior and posterior translation of the tibia on the femur (sliding forward/backwards of the shin bone) respectively.

Injury to these ligaments are common especially in sport and physical activity with varying degrees of severity from mild sprains to complete ruptures. Following trauma it can be possible even likely that a number of different structure can be damaged within the knee most common of which are the ligaments and meniscus.  Fortunately many ligament injuries do not require surgery and will improve with right advice/education and rehabilitation. The exercises shown are aimed at maintaining/improving joint stability by avoiding muscle atrophy (weakness) and neuromuscular inhibition. Please progress through these exercises at your own individual pace.

Please consult with your healthcare practitioner if you develop and significant knee instability/giving way, or if the knee has a significant effusion (swelling) post trauma.